Nicotine is the drug that causes dependence on tobacco products. The addiction is physical as well as also mental and habitual users come to crave its effects. The addiction is also behavioural. It is as addictive as heroin, cocaine, and alcohol. Once nicotine enters the bloodstream, it creates pleasant feelings in the mind and body.
Inhaled or ingested nicotine (as in the case of chewing tobacco) goes straight to the lungs where the oxygenated blood readily absorbs it. It is then delivered to the heart, and shot into the arteries, eventually reaching the brain. The brain then releases dopamine, a kind of neurotransmitter, which gives the user a sense of contentment and pleasure.
But as it gets flushed out of the body, pleasure sensations are replaced by painful withdrawal symptoms — nervousness, fatigue, increased appetite, anxiety, depression, sleeping problems, concentration disorder, dizziness, and irritability.
How Does One Get Addicted To Nicotine?
Nicotine and other chemicals from cigarette smoke are quickly absorbed inside the body. It enters the brain faster than drugs. Nicotine impacts many parts of the body; it changes how the body uses food, causes our heart to beat quicker, raises our blood pressure, and our veins begin to contract, making blood flow more difficult throughout the body.
One hormone that nicotine induces is epinephrine, also called adrenaline. The rush that you experience when nicotine is inhaled is the release of epinephrine that activates the body and raises your blood pressure and heart rate, which makes you breathe faster. Simultaneously, nicotine also produces pleasurable sensations, making you relaxed and eases off any tension you might be experiencing at the moment.
The pleasant feelings you get from smoking occur rapidly, but after you've smoked a couple of times the pleasurable effects of nicotine go down. You start losing that warm, nice feeling making you crave more nicotine so you can preserve that nice, pleasant buzz. This is the vicious loop of the smoking habit; to keep on experiencing satisfaction from smoking, you need to keep smoking more cigarettes, more often.
The Physical And Psychological Effects Of Nicotine Withdrawal
The moment you start smoking or chewing products laden with nicotine, you will experience dizziness, nausea, or a queasy stomach. However, as your smoking becomes more habitual, your body builds tolerance to these effects until they become imperceptible.
Nicotine withdrawal symptoms will start from 2 hours to 2-3 days after your last cigarette. Whether or not you have these side effects depends on how long, how often and how often you have smoked and varies from person to person.
Why You Need To Quit Nicotine Addiction
Regardless where nicotine is derived – tobacco cigarettes or smokeless tobacco – the harmful chemicals, all nearly 4,000 of them, will take a toll on the body’s well-being. Grave complications include:
…and so much more. The incidence of lung cancer, heart diseases, and respiratory disorders is high among people who are near smokers; placing children and families of smokers at great risk.
Treatment Of Nicotine Addiction
The road to nicotine independence could be very challenging. Quitting “cold turkey” have fewer chances of being successful because overcoming nicotine dependence involves a multi-faceted intervention that may include counselling, support groups, behavioural therapy, and medication.
The Arden Centre fully understands this challenge.
The professional staff knows that many of the smokers have underlying anxiety, depression or other disorders that may need more intense intervention; that alcohol or drug use can be risk factors for relapse.
The warm and friendly staff will ensure that your stay is pleasant, and your privacy taken very seriously.
I am an energetic and committed Senior Health Care Manager with a passion for developing staff through education and mentoring.